Bleeding gums are often a sign of oral or other health issues. Your gums may also start bleeding due to less serious, common causes. Knowing what to look for if you experience oral bleeding can help you determine what health steps you need to take.
Oral and Health Issues
Why do my gums bleed: Gingivitis
Gingivitis is the beginning of diseased gums. If your gums appear to be swollen, red in color and prone to bleeding, you should make a dental appointment. Treating gingivitis early can stop it from becoming a more serious situation. If left untreated, your gum line will begin to pull away from your teeth. As periodontal disease progresses, your teeth can loosen and may require removal.
Why do my gums bleed: Health Issues
Certain health conditions may also cause gum bleeding. A bleeding disorder, anemia, diabetes or leukemia may be the underlying issue. While these situations are not extremely common, you should have a health check-up to rule them out.
Other Common Causes of Bleeding Gums
Why do my gums bleed: Brushing Technique
Using a toothbrush with hard bristles or brushing harshly can cause your gums to start bleeding. Switch to a brush with soft bristles and use a lighter touch. Heavy brushing can wear away at your gums. Use gentle motions when flossing to avoid cutting into your gums.
Why do my gums bleed: Hard/Sharp Foods
Hard food particles, like popcorn kernels, can become stuck between your teeth and cause bleeding. Flossing and rinsing with mouthwash should remove the material. Bleeding may also occur due to an infection around the base of a tooth. If you notice pain, swelling or pus, make a dental appointment.
Why do my gums bleed: Poor Fitting Dentures
Improperly fitting dentures may cause irritation and bleeding. It may take some time for your gums to adjust to dentures. If the problem persists, consult your dentist.
Why do my gums bleed: Pregnancy
If you are pregnant, or taking a blood thinning medication, you may have bleeding gums. Do consult with a physician to ensure that there are no other causes for the bleeding.
Follow Proper Oral Hygiene
Why do my gums bleed and how to stop it
Floss gently to remove debris that builds up between your teeth. There are several brands of toothpastes and mouthwashes on the market designed to lessen bleeding and gum disease. Ask your dentist to provide recommendations if possible. Look for products with antibacterial ingredients. Crest Pro-Health is one of the many products readily available to improve your oral care.
You should always consult your dentist or physician if bleeding occurs easily or often. If pain is present, do not delay seeking medical advice. Catching health issues before they become severe is the best course of action.